Traumatic brain injuries are one of the most terrifying results of an auto accident. These injuries are a major cause of death and disability among drivers.
Fortunately, knowing some of the facts behind traumatic brain injuries can help you know when to seek medical attention.
What causes a traumatic brain injury?
Although the causes of these types of injuries vary, they are almost always a result of a blow or penetrating injury to the head. This includes bumps and jolts.
In an auto accident, you can receive traumatic brain injuries from various sources, such as steering wheels, windshields, headrests or being thrown from the vehicle. It can be from a sudden impact, changes in momentum and movement.
What types of traumatic brain injuries are there?
Several types of injuries fall under the umbrella of a traumatic brain injury. These include:
- Concussions – the head hits something solid.
- Contusions – bruising of the brain.
- Diffuse axonal – a tearing of brain structures due to a sudden head rotation.
- Coup-countercoup – the result of the brain moving within the skull violently.
- Acquired – Lack of oxygen to the brain that results from another injury.
Each of these is possible even in some of the more mild auto accidents.
What are the signs of a traumatic brain injury?
If you are in an accident, you must watch for the signs of this type of injury. Some signs are lethargy, confusion, difficulty concentrating and difficulty thinking. Some more severe signs are headaches, seizures and difficulty with emotions.
When you are in an accident and experience any of these symptoms during or after the collision, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.